Citations and Bibliography for my Calgary Herald Article on Food Waste Reduction


...almost a million people rely on food banks in Canada[1].

...Canada needlessly wastes over 7 billion kilograms of food every year - around 40% of all the food we produce![2].

In the UK, a grassroots food waste reduction campaign reduced household food waste by over 20% from 2007 to 2012[3], saving each British household $260 CAD per year[4].  

Similarly, a Canadian household of four could save around $1500 a year if they eliminated all their food waste[5]. waste accounts for 7% of the world’s carbon emissions[6].

If food waste were a country, it would be the third-largest greenhouse-gas emitter, behind China and the USA[7].  

...diverting one ton of food from landfills to feed people diverts the equivalent of three tons of CO2-emissions[8].

If Canada can divert even 10 percent of its annual food waste, the amount of emissions we’d be preventing each year would be like taking half a million cars off the road[9].

The UK program has taken the equivalent of almost two million cars off the road from 2007-2012[10]

UK supermarkets could divert over 600,000 tons of surplus food from the landfill to feed the hungry each year[11].  

The UK food retailer Tesco, for instance, has just recently committed to donating their surplus food to food charities[12]

France has even went a step further this May, banning supermarkets from tossing unsold food, mandating that edible food be donated to feed the hungry instead[13].  

...for every £1 that food retailers invest in cutting organizational food waste, they (and their consumers) can save up to £90[14]!  

If systemic waste reduction practices were applied to Canadian food businesses, it would cut costs by up to 20% and increase profits by up to 12%[15].

[1] Food Banks Canada (2014)                            
[2] Uzea et al. (2010)                                                                                              
[3] WRAP (2015) - page 14
[4] WRAP (2015) - page 27
[5] Tamburri, R. (2014)
[6] WRAP (2015) - page 2
[7] Smith, R. (2015)                                       
[8] WRAP (2015) - page 15
[9] United States Environmental Protection Agency (2014)                                          
[10] WRAP (2015) - page 14
[11] Derry, J. (2013)
[12] Butler, S. (2015)
[13] Chrisafis, A. (2015)
[14] WRAP (2015) - page 28
[15] Gooch and Felfel (2014)



Butler, S. (2015) Tesco teams up with FareShare charity to reduce food waste. The Guardian. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Chrisafis, A. (2015) France to force big supermarkets to give unsold food to charities. The Guardian. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Derry, J. (2013) Profiting from food waste is no longer just for bin divers. The Telegraph. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Food Banks Canada (2014) Hunger Count 2014. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Gooch, M. V., Felfel, A. (2014) “$27 Billion Revisited: the Cost of Canada's Annual Food Waste. Oakville, ON: Value Chain Management International Inc.

Smith, R. (2015) How Reducing Food Waste Could Ease Climate Change. National Geographic. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Tamburri, R. (2014) Canadians waste seven billion kilograms of food a year. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

UNEP. (2014) Prevention and Reduction of Food and Drink Waste in Businesses and Households - Guidance for Governments, Local Authorities, Businesses and Other Organisations, Version 1.0. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

United States Environmental Protection Agency (2014) Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet:

Uzea, N., Gooch, M., Sparling, D. (2010) Developing an Industry Led Approach to Addressing Food Waste in Canada. Guelph, ON: Provision Coalition

WRAP. (2015) Strategies to Achieve Economic and Environmental Gains by Reducing Food Waste. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: