Citations and Bibliography for my Calgary Herald Article on Food Waste Reduction
...almost a million people rely on food banks in Canada.
...Canada needlessly wastes over 7 billion kilograms of food every year - around 40% of all the food we produce!.
In the UK, a grassroots food waste reduction campaign reduced household food waste by over 20% from 2007 to 2012, saving each British household $260 CAD per year.
Similarly, a Canadian household of four could save around $1500 a year if they eliminated all their food waste.
...food waste accounts for 7% of the world’s carbon emissions.
If food waste were a country, it would be the third-largest greenhouse-gas emitter, behind China and the USA.
...diverting one ton of food from landfills to feed people diverts the equivalent of three tons of CO2-emissions.
If Canada can divert even 10 percent of its annual food waste, the amount of emissions we’d be preventing each year would be like taking half a million cars off the road.
The UK program has taken the equivalent of almost two million cars off the road from 2007-2012.
UK supermarkets could divert over 600,000 tons of surplus food from the landfill to feed the hungry each year.
The UK food retailer Tesco, for instance, has just recently committed to donating their surplus food to food charities.
France has even went a step further this May, banning supermarkets from tossing unsold food, mandating that edible food be donated to feed the hungry instead.
...for every £1 that food retailers invest in cutting organizational food waste, they (and their consumers) can save up to £90!
If systemic waste reduction practices were applied to Canadian food businesses, it would cut costs by up to 20% and increase profits by up to 12%.
Butler, S. (2015) Tesco teams up with FareShare charity to reduce food waste. The Guardian. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/jun/04/tesco-fareshare-charity-reduce-food-waste
Chrisafis, A. (2015) France to force big supermarkets to give unsold food to charities. The Guardian. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/22/france-to-force-big-supermarkets-to-give-away-unsold-food-to-charity
Derry, J. (2013) Profiting from food waste is no longer just for bin divers. The Telegraph. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/10280904/Profiting-from-food-waste-is-no-longer-just-for-bin-divers.html
Food Banks Canada (2014) Hunger Count 2014. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.foodbankscanada.ca/getmedia/76907192-263c-4022-8561-73a16c06dd2f/HungerCount_2014_EN_HR.pdf.aspx
Gooch, M. V., Felfel, A. (2014) “$27 Billion Revisited: the Cost of Canada's Annual Food Waste. Oakville, ON: Value Chain Management International Inc.
Smith, R. (2015) How Reducing Food Waste Could Ease Climate Change. National Geographic. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/01/150122-food-waste-climate-change-hunger/
Tamburri, R. (2014) Canadians waste seven billion kilograms of food a year. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/business-education/canadians-waste-seven-billion-kilograms-of-food-a-year/article19923151/
UNEP. (2014) Prevention and Reduction of Food and Drink Waste in Businesses and Households - Guidance for Governments, Local Authorities, Businesses and Other Organisations, Version 1.0. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.thinkeatsave.org/downloads/UNEP-FW-Guidance-content-VERSION-WEB.pdf
United States Environmental Protection Agency (2014) Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html#results
Uzea, N., Gooch, M., Sparling, D. (2010) Developing an Industry Led Approach to Addressing Food Waste in Canada. Guelph, ON: Provision Coalition
WRAP. (2015) Strategies to Achieve Economic and Environmental Gains by Reducing Food Waste. Retrieved Jun 12, 2015 from the internet: http://newclimateeconomy.report/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/WRAP-NCE_Economic-environmental-gains-food-waste.pdf